A paper cutout of a photograph of a Great Black-backed gull held aloft by fishing line. The bird is framed against a blue sky and “flying” over sand dunes and cottages warmed by the glow of sunset.
“Great Black-backed Gull” flying over sand dunes

Great Black-backed Gull

  • Scientific: Larus marinus
  • Spanish: Gavión Atlántico
  • French: Goéland marin
  • Family: Gulls and Terns
  • Bird Code: GBBG

If there is a 3° C increase in temperature due to unmitigated climate change

Predicted percentage of habitat lost

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Climate and other threats imore info


Found on coastal waters, estuaries, and some on large lakes. Forages far offshore in winter. Nests mostly on islands, the tops of sea cliffs, and piers away from predators.


Primarily located along the Atlantic coast from mid-Florida up to Labrador where they breed. Can also be found on the Great Lakes in winter.

Silhouette of Grace's Warbler
Did you know?

In the 1800s, the Great Black-backed Gull’s feathers were used in fashion. But after the decline of the feather trade in the early 1900s, their populations increased and spread further south. In recent decades, garbage dumps have helped expand their range even more.